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A Cyberpunk Timeline


Year What happened
1928 Early use of the term "punk" to signify a criminal
1948 "Cybernetics" coined by Norbert Wiener
1955 The Naked Lunch published
1968 Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep published
1971 A Clockwork Orange released

From the Rise of Dr. Adder to the Fall of Johnny Mnemonic

K.W. Jeter completes Dr. Adder (Spring)
"The Girl Who Was Plugged In" published in New Dimensions 3
Gravity's Rainbow published
Shockwave Rider published (John Brunner)
Microsoft founded
The Ramones release first album; punk begins
Apple Computers founded (April)
Never Mind the Bullocks - Here's the Sex Pistols released; punk gets notorious
The Clash release first album; punk gets serious
Gibson publishes his first short story, "Fragments of a Hologram Rose"
Sterling publishes his first novel Involution Ocean
Generation X, with Billy Idol on lead vocals, releases first album
The Clash release London Calling
City Come A-Walkin' published
The Artificial Kid published
Spacetime Donuts published
"The Gernsback Continuum" published in Universe 11
True Names published
Software published (Jan.)
Blade Runner released
Tron released
Joan Vinge writes Psion
Gibson, Sterling and Shiner visit Rudy Rucker in Lynchburg after Balticon; Virginia hasn't been this hip since Thomas Jefferson was alive
War Games released
The short story "Cyberpunk" by Bruce Bethke published in Amazing Science Fiction Stories; this is, allegedly, the first use of the term anywhere (Nov.)
Neuromancer published; "cyberspace" coined
Dr. Adder published
Frontera published ( Lewis Shiner's first novel)
Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution published
In Japan, robots kill four humans in seperate incidents
Terminator released
2600 begins publication
VPL Research Inc. founded by Jason Lanier
Gardner Dozois, reviewing "hot new writers" for The Washington Post, refers to a group called "cyberpunks". The name sticks (Dec. 30)
Bruce Sterling's Schismatrix published
20 Minutes into the Future (aka Max Headroom) released
John Shirley's Eclipse
Donna Haraway's "A Cyborg Manifesto" published in Socialist Review (Apr.)
Japanese translation of Neuromancer published (July)
"Cyberpunks" panel convenes at the National SF Convention in Austin. Panelists are Rudy Rucker, John Shirley, Bruce Sterling, Lou Shiner, Pat Cadigan and Greg Bear (Aug. 31)
Blood Music , by Greg Bear.
Brazil released
Burning Chrome published
Hardwired published
"Pakistani Brain" virus infects IBM computers world-wide (Jan.)
Rudy Rucker's "What is Cyberpunk?" appears in REM #3 (Feb)
William Gibson's Count Zero (Mar)
Norman Spinrad's "The Neuromantics" published in IASF (May)
John Shirley confounds the elders at the Science Fiction Research Association panel "Cyberpunk or Cyberjunk" (June 28)
Cheap Truth ceases publication (Aug)
Michael Swanwick's "A User's Guide to the Post Moderns" published in IASF (Nov)
Mirrorshades published (Dec)
Interzone reprints "the New Science Fiction" by Vincent Omniaveritas (Winter)
Science Fiction Eye premiers with all cyberpunk issue
Robocop released
Akira released
Pat Cadigan's Mindplayers published
Effinger releases When Gravity Fails
In England, Max Dowhham's "Cyberpunk: the Final Solution" published in Vague
Bruce Sterling's Islands in the Net published
Mississippi Review entire issue published devoted to cyberpunk; academic colonization of the Movement begins in earnest
Metrophage published
Shatter graphic novel published
Going GaGa begins publication
bOING bOING begins publication
Wetware published (Apr)
The Internet worm strikes (Nov)
William Gibson's Mona Lisa Overdrive published (Nov)
Mondo 2000 begins publication
Neuromancer: The Graphic Novel published
he Cuckoo's Egg published
Semiotext(e):SF published
Cherry comix special cyberpunk issue published
Crystal Express published
Tetsuo:The Iron Man released
Timothy Leary interviews William Gibson
Phrack #24 distributed containing the E911 document hacked from BellSouth (Feb. 24)
The Difference Engine published
Hardware released
EFF founded
Secret Service raids Steven Jackson Games in Austin (Mar. 1)
Harper's Magazine publishes "Is Computer Hacking a Crime?", a transcript of a WELL conference during which Phiber Optik hacks the TRW database and distributes John Barlow's credit history (Mar.)
Operation Sun Devil (May 7-9)
Paul Di Filippo's "Ribofunk" published in bOING bOING #2 (Winter)
In England, The Hardcore special "Cyberpunk is Dead" issue published (Winter)
Shirley finishes the Eclipse trilogy (with Eclipse Corona )
Total Recall released
Synners , by Cadigan
Storming the Reality Studio published
Synners published
Terminator 2 released
The Silicon Man published
Transreal! published
Effinger finishes his cyberpunk trilogy with The Exile Kiss
U.S. intelligence agents reportedly cripple Iraqi air defense computers with a virus during the Gulf War (Jan)
Lewis Shiner announces in the Op-Ed pages of the New York Times that he has resigned from cyberpunk (Jan.7)
Steven Jackson Games sues the Secret Service (May 1)
"Michelangelo" virus media panic begins (Dec.)
EFF moves to Washington D.C. and is immediately compromised
The Hacker Crackdown published
Snow Crash published
Mondo 2000: A User's Guide to the New Edge published
Lawnmower Man released
"Michelangelo" doomsday; nothing happens (Mar. 6)
Jaron Lanier loses his patents to his creditors (Nov)
Future Sex begins publication (Nov)
Wired begins publication
Virtual Light published
Fringe Ware Review begins publication
Time Magazine "Cyberpunk" cover story; real cyberpunks outraged (Feb. 8)
Court rules in favor of Steven Jackson Games, Secret Service ordered to pay damages (Feb.)
Wild Palms premiers (May 16)
Billy Idol's new album Cyberpunk released; real cyberpunks outraged (July)
Flame Wars; The Discourse of Cyberculture published
Baird starts the Crashcourse trilogy
The Hacker and the Ants published
Data Trash published
Cyberia published
"VNS Manifesto" published in Unnatural: Techno-theory for a Contaminated Culture
Phiber Optic begins serving a 13 month sentence for computer intrusion and conspiracy (Jan.)
In Paris, "Cyber SM" gives first public demonstration of virtual sexuality, S&M style (Jan.)
Line Noiz e-zine distributes results of its opinion poll "Does Cyberpunk Still Exist?"; no conclusions, as usual (Aug. 12)
Western news media reports two thirds of Russian computer users have encountered viruses, 85% of those viruses were Russian made (Nov.)


Diamond Age published
EFF retreats to San Francisco
The Cyberpunk Handbook published; cynical opportunism reaches new low
Wired UK edition begins (March)
Synthetic Pleasures released
The Net released
Hackers released
From Australia, geekgirl debuts on the Net (Jan.)
Kevin Metnick arrested by the FBI for numerous computer crimes (Feb. 15)
Italian police raid BITS Against the Empire BBS accusing the computer group of subversion (Feb. 28)
The Steampunk Trilogy published (Apr.)
VR 5 premiers (May 24)
Virtual Futures conference meets at Warwick University (May 26-28)
Baird finishes her first trilogy with Psykosis
Strange Days released
Ghost in the Shell released
Johnny Mnemonic released (May 26)

Post-Johnny Mnemonic

Arthur & Marilouse Kroker publish "Johnny Mnemonic: The Day Cyberpunk Died" in Ctheory (Jun.)
K.W. Jeter's Blade Runner 2: The Edge of Human published-- to the consternation of all (Oct.)
Western news sources identify Bulgaria as the leading exporter of computer viruses
Escape Velocity; Cyberculture at the End of the Century published
FutureSex goes online
Ramones break up
Ribofunk! collection published (Mar.)
Datableed - the second Virtual Futures conference meets (May)
Sex Pistols reunion tour begins at Hollola, Finland (June 21)
Holy Fire Published (July)
Idoru published (Sept.)
Kyoko Date, the virtual girl, activated
Hacking the Future by Arthur & Marilouise Kroker published
Clinton signs Communications Decency Act into US law (Feb. 8)
Wired magazine, as a preliminary action to a planned IPO, files a prospectus with the SEC valuing itself at $447 million -- 17 times greater than its actual revenues. Much derision follows in the financial press (May 30)
Wired magazine's IPO tanks (Oct. 24)
Blade Runner 3: Replicants Night by K.W. Jeter published -- for no good reason (Nov)
Vinge ends up with a trilogy -- Dreamfall is published
A Cyberpunk Manifesto published by Christian As. Kirtchev (Feb 14 1997)
Freeware published (April) Rudy Rucker finishes his trilogy with Freeware.
Wired UK edition folds (Feb)
US Supreme Court rules Communications Decency Act unconstitutional (Jun 26)
Blade Runner computer game released by Westwood (Nov)
First authorized Russian translation of Neuromancer [ Neiromant ] published by Terra Fantastica
Armitage III: Poly Matrix [Film/Anime] released
Gattaca released
William Gibson's and Tom Maddox's episode, "Kill Switch" premiers on The X-Files (Feb 15)
Burning Chrome stage adaptation opens in Chicago (Feb 6)
The Matrix released
Gibson's All Tomorrow's Parties released
William Gibson's and Tom Maddox's second episode "First Person Shooter" on The X-Files
Metropolis [Film/Anime] released
Minority Report released
Armitage III: Dual Matrix [Film/Anime] released
William Gibson's Pattern Recognition published
Neal Stephenson's Quick Silver published
The Matrix Relaoded released
The Matrix Revolutions released
MyDoom virus spread on Internet


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